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Shipping traffic density around Qatar in 2019 with close-up views of the desalination and LNG export infrastructures Some areas within or close to Qatar EEZ (shown in dark green) have a particularly high shipping density: 1. main shipping route to Bahrain; 2. main shipping route from Qatar to Iran; 3. route from Ras Laffan to Qatar’s North Field; 4. main route followed by LNG carriers to/from Ras Laffan; 5. shipping routes to/from the industrial area south of Mesaieed. The shipping density map also highlights the locations of some major oilfields and gas fields close to Qatar: 6. Abu Safah oilfield (KSA), 7. North Field, 8. Bul Hanine and Maydan Mahzam oilfields, and Halul Island terminals. a–c, Enlargements of areas marked on map: Ras Laffan (a), Abu Fontas (b) and Umm al Houl (c).

Shipping traffic density around Qatar in 2019 with close-up views of the desalination and LNG export infrastructures Some areas within or close to Qatar EEZ (shown in dark green) have a particularly high shipping density: 1. main shipping route to Bahrain; 2. main shipping route from Qatar to Iran; 3. route from Ras Laffan to Qatar’s North Field; 4. main route followed by LNG carriers to/from Ras Laffan; 5. shipping routes to/from the industrial area south of Mesaieed. The shipping density map also highlights the locations of some major oilfields and gas fields close to Qatar: 6. Abu Safah oilfield (KSA), 7. North Field, 8. Bul Hanine and Maydan Mahzam oilfields, and Halul Island terminals. a–c, Enlargements of areas marked on map: Ras Laffan (a), Abu Fontas (b) and Umm al Houl (c). Credit: Nature Sustainability (2023). DOI: 10.1038/s41893-022-01037-w

Shipping traffic density around Qatar in 2019 with close-up views of the desalination and LNG export infrastructures Some areas within or close to Qatar EEZ (shown in dark green) have a particularly high shipping density: 1. main shipping route to Bahrain; 2. main shipping route from Qatar to Iran; 3. route from Ras Laffan to Qatar’s North Field; 4. main route followed by LNG carriers to/from Ras Laffan; 5. shipping routes to/from the industrial area south of Mesaieed. The shipping density map also highlights the locations of some major oilfields and gas fields close to Qatar: 6. Abu Safah oilfield (KSA), 7. North Field, 8. Bul Hanine and Maydan Mahzam oilfields, and Halul Island terminals. a–c, Enlargements of areas marked on map: Ras Laffan (a), Abu Fontas (b) and Umm al Houl (c).

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