SAN FRANCISCO, Calif. February 1, 2017 – City Attorney Dennis Herrera yesterday filed a federal lawsuit against President Donald Trump and his administration for his executive order directing enforcement action against sanctuary cities and threatening to withhold federal funding from these cities. The suit claims that the order is unconstitutional and exceeds the president’s power.
“The president’s executive order is not only unconstitutional, it’s un-American,” said Herrera. “That is why we must stand up and oppose it. We are a nation of immigrants and a land of laws. We must be the ‘guardians of our democracy’ that President Obama urged us all to be in his farewell address.”
Herrera’s lawsuit comes after President Trump issued an executive order last Wednesday announcing that it would seek to deprive “sanctuary jurisdictions” of federal grants. San Francisco receives over $1.2 billion a year in federal funding, most of which goes to health care, nutrition and other safety net programs.
“This lawsuit is not a step I take lightly,” Herrera said. “But it is one that is necessary to defend the people of this city, this state and this country from the wild overreach of a president whose words and actions have thus far shown little respect for our Constitution or the rule of law. This country was founded on the principle that the federal government cannot force state and local governments to do its job for it, like carrying out immigration policy. I am defending that bedrock American principle today.”
The Tenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution – part of the Bill of Rights – embodies the principle of federalism. The amendment states that the federal government possesses only those powers provided by the Constitution. All remaining powers reside with the states or the people.
This lawsuit challenges the constitutionality of the executive order and a related federal statute. It requests a finding that San Francisco complies with applicable federal law and seeks to prevent the federal government from cutting funds to San Francisco.
The Trump administration falsely believes that sanctuary cities harbor criminals and make communities unsafe. To the contrary, any persons who is booked in San Francisco has their fingerprints sent to the federal government. If the federal government has a criminal warrant for that person, San Francisco complies with that. Moreover, sanctuary cities have less crime, fewer people in poverty and lower unemployment than other counties, according to a recent study by Tom K. Wong, an associate professor of political science at the University of California, San Diego. There are, on average, 35.5 fewer crimes committed per 10,000 people in sanctuary jurisdictions compared to non-sanctuary counties, according to Wong’s findings in a report for the Center for American Progress.
For these reasons, more than 400 cities and counties across this country – including nearly every major city from New York to Los Angeles – have sanctuary policies. They recognize what San Francisco first recognized 28 years ago when it learned that undocumented victims of domestic violence were too scared to report they were attacked because they feared being deported. Sanctuary policies encourage undocumented immigrants to report crimes so that the police can get violent criminals off the street.
Sanctuary cities protect children by ensuring that their parents feel safe taking them to playgrounds, to schools, to the hospital. Sanctuary city policies protect families. Sanctuary city policies protect all of us.
“We are all safer when everyone, including undocumented immigrants, feel safe reporting crimes,” Herrera said. “We are all healthier when every resident has access to public health programs. We are all smarter and economically stronger when every child attends school.”
“We will continue to cooperate with our federal authorities,” Herrera said, “but in a manner that respects states’ rights and our Constitution.”
The suit was filed in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California this morning against President Trump, the United States, Department of Homeland Security Secretary John Kelly, and the acting Attorney General Dana Boente.
The case is: City and County of San Francisco v. Donald J. Trump, et al., U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California Case No. 3:17-cv-00485, filed Jan. 31, 2017. Additional documentation from the case is available on the City Attorney’s website at: http://www.sfcityattorney.org.