April 11, 2018 – As EU environment ministers meet in Bulgaria to discuss the upcoming UN climate negotiations, 93 civil society organisations based in the EU and countries impacted by its climate policies have joined forces to demand a conflict of interest policy for all future UN climate talks. In a joint letter sent today to the European Union’s lead climate negotiator, EU Climate and Energy Commissioner Miguel Arias Cañete, they call on the EU to support efforts tackling vested interests at these UN conferences.
Despite their large contribution to climate change and resulting conflicts of interest, fossil fuel corporations and their lobbies have continued to be heavily involved in the negotiations around the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), pushing for false solutions and obstructing effective action. Curbing the influence of vested interests at the UN climate talks is essential for keeping the average global temperature rise well below 2°C, let alone 1.5°C, the key commitment under the UNFCCC’s Paris Agreement.
Countries representing nearly 70 per cent of the world’s population have long been calling upon the UNFCCC to introduce a rigorous policy framework to prevent conflicts of interest. They have been joined by numerous civil society organisations in the global South and North representing youth, indigenous people, women, and those on the front lines of climate change.
Environmental and citizens’ groups including Corporate Europe Observatory, Friends of the Earth Europe, The European Public Health Alliance, Greenpeace EU and the European Environmental Bureau are leading the EU-level call ahead of this year’s intersessional negotiations at the UNFCCC in May – the next opportunity to address the influence of the fossil fuel industry over the UN climate talks.
Corporate Europe Observatory’s climate campaigner Pascoe Sabido said:
“Countries at the front lines of climate change and the global civil society movements supporting them are not alone in demanding the UN curb conflicts of interest at its climate change conferences. While the European Parliament recently passed a resolution with the exact same requests, the EU Commission continues to block progress on this issue – alongside historic polluters like the USA and Australia.”
Paul de Clerck, Economic Justice Programme Coordinator at Friends of the Earth Europe said:
“While oil and gas companies are publicly speaking about their commitment to the Paris Agreement, we see them obstructing strong climate policies behind the scenes and lobbying for measures like Carbon Capture and Storage that let them off the hook. As long as these companies have such excessive influence over negotiators, we will not see a fossil free world and will not be able to keep global warming under 1.5°C.”
Secretary General at the European Public Health Alliance Nina Renshaw noted:
“There is already a very good example for a successful conflict of interest policy at the UN level. Vested interests have been blacklisted under the United Nations Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, in order to protect public health policy-making from the influence of the tobacco industry and its lobbyists. The parallel to the fossil fuel lobbies’ influence in climate policy is very clear – climate change is, after all, also a major threat to global public health.”
Read the full civil society letter here.
Article 5.3 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (UNFCTC) features a strict conflict of interest policy, to which the European Union is signatory. The World Health Organisation’s Independent High-level Commission on Non-Communicable Diseases recently recognised the exemplary milestone that is the UNFCTC conflict of interest policy, and raised a proposal to extend the approach to other “health-harming industries”.
In its October 2017 resolution on the 23rd UN Climate Change Conference in Bonn, the European Parliament called for “the issue of vested or conflicting interests be addressed” and for corresponding “guidelines” to be passed.
This year’s inter-sessional negotiations on the UNFCCC will take place in Bonn from 30 April – 10 May 2018 and present the next important moment in the fight to address the influence of the fossil fuel industry at the UN climate talks.
A good example of the way fossil fuel companies have captured the policy debate, is Shell’s recent report on pathways to net-zero emissions, which presents Carbon Capture and Storage (CSS) as a central measures for reducing greenhouse gases. As a key step, CSS has also found its way onto the political agenda at many levels, including the EU level, in member states and at the International Energy Agency.
More on the connections between public health and climate change can be found at http://www.lancetcountdown.