MOSCOW/ GENEVA November 17, 2017 – Today 75 ministers agreed to take urgent action to end tuberculosis by 2030. The announcement came at the first WHO Global Ministerial Conference on Ending Tuberculosis in the Sustainable Development Era: A Multisectoral Response, which brought together delegates from 114 countries in Moscow. President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation opened the Conference, together with UN Deputy Secretary General, Amina J Mohammed and Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director-General of WHO.

“Today marks a critical  landmark in the fight to end TB,” said Dr Tedros. “It signals a long overdue global commitment  to stop the death and suffering caused by this ancient killer.”

The Moscow Declaration to End TB  is a promise to increase multisectoral action as well as track   progress, and build accountability. It  will also inform the first UN General Assembly High-Level Meeting on TB in 2018, which will seek further commitments from heads of state.

Global efforts to combat tuberculosis TB have saved an estimated 53 million lives since 2000 and reduced the TB mortality rate by 37%.However, progress in many countries has stalled, global targets are off-track and persistent gaps remain in TB care and prevention.

As a result, TB still kills more people than any other infectious disease. There are major problems associated with antimicrobial resistance, and it is the leading killer of people with HIV.

“One of the main problems has been  lack of political will and inadequate  investment in fighting TB,” added Dr Tedros.  “Today’s declaration  must go hand in hand with increased investment.”

The meeting was attended by ministers, country delegations, as well as representatives of civil society and international organizations, scientists and researchers. More than 1000 participants took part in the two-day conference which resulted in collective commitment to ramp up action on four fronts:

  1. Move rapidly to achieve universal health coverage – by strengthening health systems  and improving access to people centered TB prevention and care, ensuring no one is left behind;
  2. Mobilize sufficient and sustainable financing through increased domestic and international investments to close gaps in implementation and research;
  3. Advance research and development of new tools to diagnose, treat, and prevent TB; and
  4. Build accountability through a framework to track and review progress on ending TB including multisectoral approaches.

Ministers also promised to minimize the risk and spread of drug resistance and do more to engage people and communities affected by, and at risk of, TB.

The Russian Federation, host of the first Ministerial Conference to End TB, welcomed the Moscow Declaration. “Tuberculosis is a complex, multi-sectoral problem that requires a systemic and highly coordinated response to address the conditions which drive the disease,” said Professor Veronika Skvortsova, Minister of Health, Russian Federation. “The accountability framework we have agreed to develop, marks a new beginning, and, with WHO’s support to coordinate and track progress, we expect the Moscow Declaration to lead us forward to the high-level meeting of the UN General Assembly in 2018.”