December 4, 2019 – Warming trend continues: Global temperatures were 0.64°C warmer than the average November from 1981–2010, making it the sixth month in a row to approach or break a temperature record.

Surface air temperature anomaly for November 2019 relative to the November average for the period 1981-2010. Data source: ERA5. Credit: ECMWF Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S)

The Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) routinely publishes monthly climate bulletins reporting on the changes observed in global surface air temperature and other climate variables. All the reported findings are based on computer-generated analyses using billions of measurements from satellites, ships, aircraft and weather stations around the world.

November 2019 surface air temperature:

  • November 2019 was one of the three warmest Novembers on record, differing only marginally from November 2015 and 2016.
  • Most land areas saw above average temperatures, with the exception of much of the eastern USA and Canada, and a central Asian region extending from Siberia to the Iranian coast. 
  • Europe saw an autumn (September-November) temperature 1.1°C above the 1981-2010 average, a value that since at least 1979 has been exceeded only in 2006, 2015 and 2018.

More information about climate variables in November and climate updates of previous months as well as high-resolution graphics can be downloaded here:

More information about the C3S data set and how it is compiled can be found here:

Copernicus is the European Commission’s flagship Earth observation programme. It delivers freely accessible operational data and information services, which provide users with reliable and up-to-date information related to environmental issues.

The Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) is implemented by the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) on behalf of the European Union. ECMWF also implements the Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service (CAMS). ECMWF is an independent intergovernmental organisation, producing and disseminating numerical weather predictions to its 34 Member and Co-operating States.

The Copernicus Climate Change Service website can be found at

The Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service website can be found at
More information on Copernicus:

The ECMWF website can be found at